Cough. What is important to know?

Coughing is one of the most important defense reflexes. It is only a symptom, not an independent disease. Foreign particles and microorganisms that come in with inhaled air are deposited on the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract and subsequently removed from the respiratory tract with mucus. Sometimes this medication helps with coughs:

There are many reasons

for coughing, among them ARI, infections, post nasal congestion, bronchial asthma, GERD, passive smoking, environmental pollution,

psychogenic factor, etc.

Cough is a frequent and in the vast majority of cases an obligatory symptom in various respiratory pathologies. However, only stating the symptom of cough has no independent diagnostic value. A detailed characterization of cough with indication of frequency, intensity, timbre, frequency, presence and properties of sputum and other clinical peculiarities is obligatory. Such detailed analysis allows the identification of specific features of the cough characteristic of certain diseases and determines the tactics of treatment of the patient.

remember that coughing is a protective reflex, so it is extremely important not to suppress it without identifying and eliminating the cause! For example, residual cough after an acute respiratory infection can persist for up to a month without requiring treatment. Parents should pay attention to the duration, nature of the cough, changes during the time of day and season, associated symptoms, risk of secondhand smoke, and past allergies.

If the cough is acute, it is important to see if it is related to an infection (fever, catarrhal syndrome). In a child with signs of acute respiratory viral infection (ARI), hoarseness of the voice, difficulty breathing indicates a throat infection with possible risk of asphyxiation (croup). Also, the key task in the presence of signs of an acute respiratory infection is to rule out pneumonia.

The cough can change from dry to wet cough or vice versa, but both are normal stages in the course of an acute

Small children have a hard time coughing up sputum, so it is not recommended to us

respiratory infection.


e mucolytics, expectorants and cough suppressants, especially in children under 3 years old, or even under 6 years old! Medicines with a herbal component carry the risk of allergic reactions.

The best choices for helping a child with a cough during an acute respiratory infection remain:

Drinking frequently
Airing the room regularly and keeping the air at an optimal humidity level (40-60%)
Nasal cleansing and the use of a saline solution to moisten the nose
It is important for the child to move in order to get the phlegm out of the lungs, so if he/she feels well he/she does not need to go to bed!
Respiratory exercises and percussion massage