Abdominal migraine is also known as periodic syndrome. It is a recurrent disorder of the abdomen causing central abdominal pain.
The pain usually is around the belly button also known as the umbilical cord along with nausea, vomiting and unilateral headache. It is prominent in children. The patient suffers the pain for more than an hour. These are sharp pains and not like those caused due to muscular spasms. Abdominal migraine is an idiopathic disorder.
The pulse of the patient drops down and he develops fatigue. The pulse is difficult to detect and the patient becomes pale. This abdominal migraine should be distinguished from similar symptoms requiring surgical attention.
The pain can be so intense that the daily activities could be hampered. It is accompanied with vomiting, loss of appetite, nausea.
An abdominal migraine is caused by genetic neurological disease.
The attacks are due to climatic changes, sunlight, certain food habits, stress and bad sleeping habits. The patient may have preceding aura of visual disturbances, flashing lights, numbness etc.
The patient also shows anorexia, sensitivity to sound that is phonophobia. The family history of patient should be analyzed for migraine before giving the treatment. The attack of migraine is usually in the morning and last for almost 72 hours. The patient may feel relived for some time.
Since this is recurring disorder it may come again for the next 3 or 4 days. During the period of the migraine the patient may become depressed or aggressive due to severe pain. The patient may be emotionally disturbed. It takes time to recover.